The national plan for the sustainable development of small-scale aquaculture and limited resources (APERL), an alternative for growth and poverty alleviation for smallholder farmers in Nicaragua.
The Nicaraguan Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture (INPESCA) is currently executing a program to support aquaculture in rural areas of Nicaragua, known as the national plan for sustainable development of small-scale aquaculture and limited resources (APERL). This program aims to strengthen small-scale aquaculture in Nicaragua and ensure food security for vulnerable households, while taking on the challenge of integrating aquaculture with the environment in a sustainable manner.
The shrimp cooperatives of Western Nicaragua (APEMAC), in strategic partnership with the private sector (SERVICONSA), have recently upgraded their production system through technical assistance provided by USAID's Enterprise and Employment Project.
Exports of Nicaraguan farmed shrimps totalled US$106.3 million last year, according to the Center for Export Processing (CETREX).
Six farmed shrimp cooperatives located in the Estero Real, Chinandega, Nicaragua, who benefited from USAID's Enterprise and Employment Project, improved their production by 175%, which in turn allowed them to enter the European market.
Through technical assistance from the Enterprise and Employment Program shrimp cooperatives registered with APEMAC saw an increase in production from 180 kilograms per hectare to an average of 500 kilograms per hectare, and all six cooperatives successfully exported 100% of their production, mainly to Europe.
New joint report by World Bank, FAO, and the International Food Policy Research Institute looks at prospects for fisheries and aquaculture
5 February 2014, Washington/Rome - Aquaculture — or fish farming — will provide close to two thirds of global food fish consumption by 2030 as catches from wild capture fisheries level off and demand from an emerging global middle class, especially in China, substantially increases.
These are among the key findings of "Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture," a collaboration between the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), released today. The report highlights the extent of global trade in seafood which tends to flow heavily from developing to developed countries.
According to FAO, at present 38 percent of all fish produced in the world is exported and in value terms, over two thirds of fishery exports by developing countries are directed to developed countries. The "Fish to 2030" report finds that a major and growing market for fish is coming from China which is projected to account for 38 percent of global consumption of food fish by 2030. China and many other nations are increasing their investments in aquaculture to help meet this growing demand.
Asia — including South Asia, South-East Asia, China and Japan — is projected to make up 70 percent of global fish consumption by 2030. Sub-Saharan Africa, on the other hand, is expected to see a per capita fish consumption decline of 1 percent per year from 2010 to 2030 but, due to rapid population growth of 2.3 percent in the same period, the region's total fish consumption will grow by 30 percent overall.
The report predicts that 62 percent of food fish will come from aquaculture by 2030 with the fastest supply growth likely to come from tilapia, carp, and catfish. Global tilapia production is expected to almost double from 4.3 million tons to 7.3 million tons a year between 2010 and 2030.
India is the second largest global fish producer after China in terms of aquaculture production. The present annual production from freshwater and brackish water aquaculture in India is estimated to be around 4.18 million tonnes and 0.25 million tonnes, respectively. Indian aquaculture has come a long way from being a traditional subsistence-level activity to a predominantly commercial enterprise in recent years, and plays a significant role as a source of food and nutritional security, poverty alleviation and overall rural development.
With diverse resources ranging from deep seas to lakes in the mountains and more than 10% of the global biodiversity in terms of fish and shellfish species, India has shown continuous and sustained increments in aquaculture production in recent years. The present scenario is that freshwater aquaculture, notably carp culture, is witnessing considerable growth with minor contributions from catfish and freshwater prawns. Similarly, the export-oriented shrimp aquaculture in coastal areas has also been growing in a rapid way.
Freshwater aquaculture, which represents about 84% of India's total production by volume, is the mainstay of Indian fisheries and aquaculture. Much of this contribution is from Indian major carps farmed through pond culture or raised in freshwater tanks and other water bodies. In fact, in India, the aquaculture sector started as a subsistence fishery amongst small and marginal farmers, subsequently, owing to export demand and other commercial gains, coastal aquaculture developed on a commercial scale with the involvement of enterprising entrepreneurs. Nevertheless, the aquaculture sector is dominated by small and marginal farmers who represent more than 90% of the industry, considering the farm holding and the number of farmers involved. Most of them are resource poor in terms of skills, financial capacity and other technical aspects.
Rohana Subasinghe, Senior Aquaculture Officer, FAO, talks about the risks and challenges of aquaculture in the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, and the specific situation of small-scale aqua-farmers.
Subasinghe advices to implement good management practices to avoid diseases. He points out the risks of diseases due to intensive concentrated production. Most of the fishes that we eat come from aquaculture and are produced by small-scale farmers. The challenge is to set up the required policies, regulations and institutional environment in the ACP countries to ensure aquaculture brings them a fair income, good nutrition and decent livelihoods.
This video was presented at a session on “Aquaculture nutrition: addressing the long-term sustainability of the sector” as part of the Brussels Briefing "Geography of food: reconnecting with origin in the food system" organized by CTA Brussels at the ACP Secretariat.