Rohana Subasinghe, Senior Aquaculture Officer, FAO, talks about the risks and challenges of aquaculture in the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, and the specific situation of small-scale aqua-farmers.
Subasinghe advices to implement good management practices to avoid diseases. He points out the risks of diseases due to intensive concentrated production. Most of the fishes that we eat come from aquaculture and are produced by small-scale farmers. The challenge is to set up the required policies, regulations and institutional environment in the ACP countries to ensure aquaculture brings them a fair income, good nutrition and decent livelihoods.
This video was presented at a session on “Aquaculture nutrition: addressing the long-term sustainability of the sector” as part of the Brussels Briefing "Geography of food: reconnecting with origin in the food system" organized by CTA Brussels at the ACP Secretariat.
World population is projected to increase drastically in the coming decades, threatening the food and nutritional security of the masses and particularly of the poor. Greater attention on agricultural resource management is essential. Among the different sources of animal protein, freshwater fish are considered to be one of the most promising commodities that can contribute significantly to food security and nutrition. Moreover, small-scale aquaculture, common in the Asia-Pacific region, provides additional benefits to rural communities including income generation, nutritional improvement, and sustainable practices through integrated farming systems.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has been involved in the development of small-scale aquaculture through technical cooperation projects (TCPs) in Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, which demonstrate the effectiveness of “farmer-to-farmer extension” approaches in rural aquaculture. In these TCPs, core farmers who produce fingerlings are motivated to teach grow-out to others using simple techniques so that they can acquire patronage of clients and expand market outlets. It is noteworthy that such system not only provide economic benefit to the core farmers but also enhance their social role as local leaders and/or extension workers. This approach is not totally new, especially in the agriculture sector. However, the experiences, lessons learned and findings from these JICA-implemented TCPs on small-scale aquaculture are worth sharing with other stakeholders, and as a reference for better management practices.
The AFSPAN survey in Chile was conducted by a team of five young research assistants between 11 April to 6 May. They were able to interview 126 aquaculture centre managers and 122 households in three coastal regions (Coquimbo Region, The Lakes Region and Atacama Region) covering 34 localities and approximately 3,500 km of territory by land, plus inter-regional travel by air. Before starting their actual work the survey team underwent a two week training period including trial interviews in the Valparaiso Region, home of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso. Photo: Small scale scallop producer in Caldera-Bahia Inglesa (Exequiel Gonzalez P.)
Global partnership to find sustainable solutions ‘imperative’, FAO says
15 October 2013, Rome/St Petersburg, Russia – The creation of a global partnership to help ensure that the world’s fish supplies can keep pace with booming demand has received a green light from FAO’s Sub-Committee on Aquaculture.
Over 50 countries endorsed the Global Aquaculture Advancement Partnership (GAAP) programme, which will bring together governments, UN agencies, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to find sustainable solutions to meeting the need for fish products.
Aquaculture already supplies nearly 50 percent – or nearly 63 million tonnes – of fish consumed globally, and with production from wild fish stocks levelling off, it will fall to fish farmers to supply the estimated 50 million additional tonnes required to feed the rising world population by 2030.
Full story: FAO website.
World Food Day observed in 150 countries
16 October 2013, Rome - Better food systems are required in order to defeat hunger and malnutrition around the globe was the key message coming from the observance of World Food Day at FAO headquarters.
World Food Day, commemorated in 150 countries, is also the anniversary of FAO's founding in 1945.
This year's observance takes place under the shadow of new hunger figures that show a total of 842 million people are chronically undernourished.
In a message for World Food Day, read by Archbishop Luigi Travaglino at the ceremony, Pope Francis said "It is a scandal that there is still hunger in the world."
The Pope blamed individualism for creating an "attitude of indifference" as if hunger and malnutrition was an unavoidable fact. "It can never be considered normal," he said.
On the World Food Day theme of food systems, he said he saw the need to change and renew food systems to bring in the value of solidarity with the poor. "We need to educate ourselves in solidarity ... not only different forms of assistance," he said.
He called for the elimination of loss and waste of food products, which he said affects one third of global food production.
Full story: FAO website