This report addresses a frequently overlooked but extremely important part of world food and nutrition security: the role and importance of fish in seeking food and nutrition security for all. Fisheries and aquaculture have often been arbitrarily separated from other parts of the food and agricultural systems in food security studies, debates and policy-making.
The report presents a synthesis of existing evidence regarding the complex pathways between fisheries and aquaculture and food and nutrition security, including the environmental, economic and social dimensions, as well as issues related to governance. It provides insights on what needs to be done to achieve sustainable fisheries and aquaculture in order to strengthen their positive impact on food and nutrition security.
The ambition of this compact yet comprehensive report is to help the international community to share and understand the wide spectrum of issues that make fisheries and aquaculture such an important part of efforts to assure food security for all.
The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) was created in 2010 to provide the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security (CFS) with evidence-based and policy-oriented analysis to underpin policy debates and policy formulation. While specific policy interventions should be based on context-specific understanding, HLPE reports provide evidence relevant to the diversity of contexts, with recommendations aiming to be useful to guide context-specific policy interventions.
The HLPE works on topics identified by the CFS. This is the seventh HLPE report to date. Past reports have covered six topics related to food security and nutrition considered by the CFS for their importance in relation to the world policy agenda, including price volatility, land tenure and international investments in agriculture, climate change, social protection, biofuels, and investment in smallholder agriculture. A report on Food losses and waste in the context of sustainable food systems will be published this year. Work is underway for an HLPE report on water and food security to feed into CFS’s policy debates in 2015.
The Livestock and Fish research program works on meat, milk and fish by and for the poor. One of its target countries is Bangladesh where program partnerWorldFish leads work contributing to the CGIAR Research Programs on Aquatic Agricultural Systems and Livestock and Fish.
A new article by Kazi Ali Toufique from the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies and Ben Belton, a WorldFish scientist, provides proof of the long suspected link between aquaculture and poverty reduction.
By analysing changes in fish consumption in Bangladesh between 2000 and 2010, the report proves conclusively that growth in aquaculture has led to greater fish consumption among the poorest consumers in Bangladesh.
While it had previously been considered that the benefits of the growth in aquaculture were derived mainly from increased employment, the study demonstrates a stronger link to the health benefits of eating more fish.
Photo: Woman showing fish caught from her pond in Khulna, Bangladesh (image: WorldFish).
Audio and video recordings of technical presentations made at the symposium are now available for download or online viewing.
The main objective of this symposium was to provide a venue for information sharing on extension of small-scale aquaculture, specifically targeted to those individuals and relevant organisations involved in various aquaculture development projects. The symposium also assessed and presented the effectiveness of “farmer-to-farmer extension” approaches in the implementation of relevant aquaculture development projects in the region.
World population is projected to increase drastically in the coming decades which might bring about shortage of food. Freshwater fish are considered to be one of the most promising commodities that can contribute to increased food production in a sustainable manner. Common in the Asia-Pacific region, freshwater aquaculture provides diverse benefits to rural farmers including income generation, improved nutrition and sustainable livelihoods through integrated farming system.
The symposium was organised by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), NACA and the Thai Department of Fisheries for stakeholders involved in the JICA-assisted projects in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Benin and Madagascar. The symposium was also attended by representatives from other countries in Asia and Africa including Cote d’ Ivoire, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines and Zambia.
The Global GODAN/CIARD Consultation on Open Agricultural Knowledge for Development will take place at UNFAO headquarters in Rome, Italy, between 22nd and 24th April. The final programme for the event and supplementary information including a list of participants is available here. Acknowledging that there are many more people interested in this subject than are able to be there in-person in Rome, the planning committee have opted to run this e-consultation in parallel to the formal meeting in order to solicit as much feedback and wider stakeholder input as possible.
This e-consultation will run for three weeks in total. It will commence on Monday 14th April and end on Friday 2nd May. It will be less actively monitored during the three days of the face to face meeting (22nd-24th April) but you will still be able to contribute your thoughts on the questions during this time. The twitter hashtag #ciardgodan will be our main channel of two-way communication during this three day period.
You will need to complete a simple registration form before leaving any comments. This is so that we can contact you with any follow-up questions or clarifications if necessary. Please use the REGISTER link on the Website to register for participating in the E-Consultation. The information you provide in the registration will be used only for the e-consultation and does not entail becoming a member of the CIARD community. Registration is requested so that posts are not anonymous and participants don’t need to identify themselves for each post. The E-Consultation will be moderated.
The national plan for the sustainable development of small-scale aquaculture and limited resources (APERL), an alternative for growth and poverty alleviation for smallholder farmers in Nicaragua.
The Nicaraguan Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture (INPESCA) is currently executing a program to support aquaculture in rural areas of Nicaragua, known as the national plan for sustainable development of small-scale aquaculture and limited resources (APERL). This program aims to strengthen small-scale aquaculture in Nicaragua and ensure food security for vulnerable households, while taking on the challenge of integrating aquaculture with the environment in a sustainable manner.