Aquaculture for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Nutrition

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AFSPAN Final Technical Report now available!

AFSPAN Final Technical Report

>>> Download the AFSPAN Final Technical Report

Executive summary

The objectives of the Aquaculture for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Nutrition (AFSPAN) project were to strengthen the knowledge base and develop new and more rigorous methodologies of quantifying the contribution of aquaculture to combat hunger and poverty, thus providing the evidence upon which sound strategies, policies and research programs can be developed to support the sustainable expansion of aquaculture to maximise its impact on food and nutrition security and poverty alleviation.

The three-year project was implemented by eighteen partners in eleven Asian, African and South American developing and Low Income, Food Deficit Countries (LIFDCs), encompassing the spectrum of development conditions and role of aquaculture in national economies. The partnership also included EU partners and international organisations.

A theory of change was elaborated and range of analytical frameworks, economic models and indicators, complemented by surveys and case studies developed. The contribution of aquaculture to national GDP, excluding multiplier effects, was found to vary from negligible in countries with emergent aquaculture sectors up to 5% or more of national GDP in countries where the sector is very dynamic. Aquaculture was shown to have helped lower global fish prices, increasing economic access for all but the very poorest consumers. Although households engaging in aquaculture were found less likely to be poor than those that did not, poor households too benefitted from engaging in fish farming, irrespective of scale of operation. Fish consumption rates of households engaged in fish farming were typically higher than national averages.

Both immanent (e.g. economic growth) and interventionist (the implementation of policies promoting aquaculture development, improving governance and capacity) factors, as well as institutional arrangements, public-private partnerships and pioneering companies and individuals, were found to be capable of creating enabling conditions for aquaculture growth. Socio-cultural factors, especially gender and ethnicity, were also important: interventions tailored to match given specific socio-cultural contexts were most likely to lead to successful adoption and retention and delivery of equitable development outcomes, thereby producing lasting impact on livelihoods.

The volumes of seafood exported from developing to developed countries were found to approximate those of seafood imported by developing from developed countries. While expensive seafood may be being exchanged for cheaper but not necessarily less nutritious seafood, thereby minimising threats to food security, there remains a lack of supporting evidence that this is the case. With the exception of Bangladesh no policies or interventions linking fish, aquaculture and nutrition were found in study countries and little is included in nutrition education on aquatic animal foods.

Project outputs are being disseminated among the development community to help improve efficiency and coordination of development initiatives focused on aquaculture that promotes food and nutrition security and alleviates poverty and helps focus research on addressing researchable gaps. The development of science outputs has also begun.

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2013-2022 released

Posted on 20/6/2013 | 1725 reads | Tags: Trade, Food security
OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2013-2022 highlights

Highlights of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook for 2013-2022 are now available for download. The publication provides a projection of agricultural production, trade, consumption and prices for the decade ahead, including for fish products.

Under the scenario presented the prices of fish products are expected to rise strongly. High and rising energy prices are anticipated to increase production costs, slowing production growth with continuing price volatility associated with supply swings, while demand strengthens, holding fish prices at historically high levels. Rising prices are also projected for fish-meal and fish oil to 2022 with continuing rapid growth in per capita consumption and slowing production trends.

Capture fisheries’ output is projected to rise by only 5% by 2022 with aquaculture increasing by 35%, despite a slowing growth rate due to higher feed costs and more limited availability of production locations. Aquaculture is projected to surpass capture fisheries as the main source for human consumption by 2015, reaching 53% of total human consumption by 2022. Consumption of fishmeal and fish oil is expected to be constrained by production which will continue to be dependent mostly on the highly regulated capture fisheries.

China will maintain its leading role in global fisheries as its aquaculture production continues to increase, albeit at half the rate of the previous decade. China is expected to account for 63% of global aquaculture production in 2022 and remain the world’s leading fish exporter.

Fish and fishery products will continue to be highly traded, with 36% of world fish production projected to be exported in 2022.

The full report will be released on 26 June from the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2013-2022 website.

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